Source code for pytube.__main__

This module implements the core developer interface for pytube.

The problem domain of the :class:`YouTube <YouTube> class focuses almost
exclusively on the developer interface. Pytube offloads the heavy lifting to
smaller peripheral modules and functions.

import logging
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, List, Optional

import pytube
import pytube.exceptions as exceptions
from pytube import extract, request
from pytube import Stream, StreamQuery
from pytube.helpers import install_proxy
from pytube.innertube import InnerTube
from pytube.metadata import YouTubeMetadata
from pytube.monostate import Monostate

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]class YouTube: """Core developer interface for pytube.""" def __init__( self, url: str, on_progress_callback: Optional[Callable[[Any, bytes, int], None]] = None, on_complete_callback: Optional[Callable[[Any, Optional[str]], None]] = None, proxies: Dict[str, str] = None, use_oauth: bool = False, allow_oauth_cache: bool = True ): """Construct a :class:`YouTube <YouTube>`. :param str url: A valid YouTube watch URL. :param func on_progress_callback: (Optional) User defined callback function for stream download progress events. :param func on_complete_callback: (Optional) User defined callback function for stream download complete events. :param dict proxies: (Optional) A dict mapping protocol to proxy address which will be used by pytube. :param bool use_oauth: (Optional) Prompt the user to authenticate to YouTube. If allow_oauth_cache is set to True, the user should only be prompted once. :param bool allow_oauth_cache: (Optional) Cache OAuth tokens locally on the machine. Defaults to True. These tokens are only generated if use_oauth is set to True as well. """ self._js: Optional[str] = None # js fetched by js_url self._js_url: Optional[str] = None # the url to the js, parsed from watch html self._vid_info: Optional[Dict] = None # content fetched from innertube/player self._watch_html: Optional[str] = None # the html of /watch?v=<video_id> self._embed_html: Optional[str] = None self._player_config_args: Optional[Dict] = None # inline js in the html containing self._age_restricted: Optional[bool] = None self._fmt_streams: Optional[List[Stream]] = None self._initial_data = None self._metadata: Optional[YouTubeMetadata] = None # video_id part of /watch?v=<video_id> self.video_id = extract.video_id(url) self.watch_url = f"{self.video_id}" self.embed_url = f"{self.video_id}" # Shared between all instances of `Stream` (Borg pattern). self.stream_monostate = Monostate( on_progress=on_progress_callback, on_complete=on_complete_callback ) if proxies: install_proxy(proxies) self._author = None self._title = None self._publish_date = None self.use_oauth = use_oauth self.allow_oauth_cache = allow_oauth_cache def __repr__(self): return f'<pytube.__main__.YouTube object: videoId={self.video_id}>' def __eq__(self, o: object) -> bool: # Compare types and urls, if they're same return true, else return false. return type(o) == type(self) and o.watch_url == self.watch_url @property def watch_html(self): if self._watch_html: return self._watch_html self._watch_html = request.get(url=self.watch_url) return self._watch_html @property def embed_html(self): if self._embed_html: return self._embed_html self._embed_html = request.get(url=self.embed_url) return self._embed_html @property def age_restricted(self): if self._age_restricted: return self._age_restricted self._age_restricted = extract.is_age_restricted(self.watch_html) return self._age_restricted @property def js_url(self): if self._js_url: return self._js_url if self.age_restricted: self._js_url = extract.js_url(self.embed_html) else: self._js_url = extract.js_url(self.watch_html) return self._js_url @property def js(self): if self._js: return self._js # If the js_url doesn't match the cached url, fetch the new js and update # the cache; otherwise, load the cache. if pytube.__js_url__ != self.js_url: self._js = request.get(self.js_url) pytube.__js__ = self._js pytube.__js_url__ = self.js_url else: self._js = pytube.__js__ return self._js @property def initial_data(self): if self._initial_data: return self._initial_data self._initial_data = extract.initial_data(self.watch_html) return self._initial_data @property def streaming_data(self): """Return streamingData from video info.""" if 'streamingData' in self.vid_info: return self.vid_info['streamingData'] else: self.bypass_age_gate() return self.vid_info['streamingData'] @property def fmt_streams(self): """Returns a list of streams if they have been initialized. If the streams have not been initialized, finds all relevant streams and initializes them. """ self.check_availability() if self._fmt_streams: return self._fmt_streams self._fmt_streams = [] stream_manifest = extract.apply_descrambler(self.streaming_data) # If the cached js doesn't work, try fetching a new js file # try: extract.apply_signature(stream_manifest, self.vid_info, self.js) except exceptions.ExtractError: # To force an update to the js file, we clear the cache and retry self._js = None self._js_url = None pytube.__js__ = None pytube.__js_url__ = None extract.apply_signature(stream_manifest, self.vid_info, self.js) # build instances of :class:`Stream <Stream>` # Initialize stream objects for stream in stream_manifest: video = Stream( stream=stream, monostate=self.stream_monostate, ) self._fmt_streams.append(video) self.stream_monostate.title = self.title self.stream_monostate.duration = self.length return self._fmt_streams
[docs] def check_availability(self): """Check whether the video is available. Raises different exceptions based on why the video is unavailable, otherwise does nothing. """ status, messages = extract.playability_status(self.watch_html) for reason in messages: if status == 'UNPLAYABLE': if reason == ( 'Join this channel to get access to members-only content ' 'like this video, and other exclusive perks.' ): raise exceptions.MembersOnly(video_id=self.video_id) elif reason == 'This live stream recording is not available.': raise exceptions.RecordingUnavailable(video_id=self.video_id) else: raise exceptions.VideoUnavailable(video_id=self.video_id) elif status == 'LOGIN_REQUIRED': if reason == ( 'This is a private video. ' 'Please sign in to verify that you may see it.' ): raise exceptions.VideoPrivate(video_id=self.video_id) elif status == 'ERROR': if reason == 'Video unavailable': raise exceptions.VideoUnavailable(video_id=self.video_id) elif status == 'LIVE_STREAM': raise exceptions.LiveStreamError(video_id=self.video_id)
@property def vid_info(self): """Parse the raw vid info and return the parsed result. :rtype: Dict[Any, Any] """ if self._vid_info: return self._vid_info innertube = InnerTube(use_oauth=self.use_oauth, allow_cache=self.allow_oauth_cache) innertube_response = innertube.player(self.video_id) self._vid_info = innertube_response return self._vid_info
[docs] def bypass_age_gate(self): """Attempt to update the vid_info by bypassing the age gate.""" innertube = InnerTube( client='ANDROID_EMBED', use_oauth=self.use_oauth, allow_cache=self.allow_oauth_cache ) innertube_response = innertube.player(self.video_id) playability_status = innertube_response['playabilityStatus'].get('status', None) # If we still can't access the video, raise an exception # (tier 3 age restriction) if playability_status == 'UNPLAYABLE': raise exceptions.AgeRestrictedError(self.video_id) self._vid_info = innertube_response
@property def caption_tracks(self) -> List[pytube.Caption]: """Get a list of :class:`Caption <Caption>`. :rtype: List[Caption] """ raw_tracks = ( self.vid_info.get("captions", {}) .get("playerCaptionsTracklistRenderer", {}) .get("captionTracks", []) ) return [pytube.Caption(track) for track in raw_tracks] @property def captions(self) -> pytube.CaptionQuery: """Interface to query caption tracks. :rtype: :class:`CaptionQuery <CaptionQuery>`. """ return pytube.CaptionQuery(self.caption_tracks) @property def streams(self) -> StreamQuery: """Interface to query both adaptive (DASH) and progressive streams. :rtype: :class:`StreamQuery <StreamQuery>`. """ self.check_availability() return StreamQuery(self.fmt_streams) @property def thumbnail_url(self) -> str: """Get the thumbnail url image. :rtype: str """ thumbnail_details = ( self.vid_info.get("videoDetails", {}) .get("thumbnail", {}) .get("thumbnails") ) if thumbnail_details: thumbnail_details = thumbnail_details[-1] # last item has max size return thumbnail_details["url"] return f"{self.video_id}/maxresdefault.jpg" @property def publish_date(self): """Get the publish date. :rtype: datetime """ if self._publish_date: return self._publish_date self._publish_date = extract.publish_date(self.watch_html) return self._publish_date @publish_date.setter def publish_date(self, value): """Sets the publish date.""" self._publish_date = value @property def title(self) -> str: """Get the video title. :rtype: str """ if self._title: return self._title try: self._title = self.vid_info['videoDetails']['title'] except KeyError: # Check_availability will raise the correct exception in most cases # if it doesn't, ask for a report. self.check_availability() raise exceptions.PytubeError( ( f'Exception while accessing title of {self.watch_url}. ' 'Please file a bug report at' ) ) return self._title @title.setter def title(self, value): """Sets the title value.""" self._title = value @property def description(self) -> str: """Get the video description. :rtype: str """ return self.vid_info.get("videoDetails", {}).get("shortDescription") @property def rating(self) -> float: """Get the video average rating. :rtype: float """ return self.vid_info.get("videoDetails", {}).get("averageRating") @property def length(self) -> int: """Get the video length in seconds. :rtype: int """ return int(self.vid_info.get('videoDetails', {}).get('lengthSeconds')) @property def views(self) -> int: """Get the number of the times the video has been viewed. :rtype: int """ return int(self.vid_info.get("videoDetails", {}).get("viewCount")) @property def author(self) -> str: """Get the video author. :rtype: str """ if self._author: return self._author self._author = self.vid_info.get("videoDetails", {}).get( "author", "unknown" ) return self._author @author.setter def author(self, value): """Set the video author.""" self._author = value @property def keywords(self) -> List[str]: """Get the video keywords. :rtype: List[str] """ return self.vid_info.get('videoDetails', {}).get('keywords', []) @property def channel_id(self) -> str: """Get the video poster's channel id. :rtype: str """ return self.vid_info.get('videoDetails', {}).get('channelId', None) @property def channel_url(self) -> str: """Construct the channel url for the video's poster from the channel id. :rtype: str """ return f'{self.channel_id}' @property def metadata(self) -> Optional[YouTubeMetadata]: """Get the metadata for the video. :rtype: YouTubeMetadata """ if self._metadata: return self._metadata else: self._metadata = extract.metadata(self.initial_data) return self._metadata
[docs] def register_on_progress_callback(self, func: Callable[[Any, bytes, int], None]): """Register a download progress callback function post initialization. :param callable func: A callback function that takes ``stream``, ``chunk``, and ``bytes_remaining`` as parameters. :rtype: None """ self.stream_monostate.on_progress = func
[docs] def register_on_complete_callback(self, func: Callable[[Any, Optional[str]], None]): """Register a download complete callback function post initialization. :param callable func: A callback function that takes ``stream`` and ``file_path``. :rtype: None """ self.stream_monostate.on_complete = func
[docs] @staticmethod def from_id(video_id: str) -> "YouTube": """Construct a :class:`YouTube <YouTube>` object from a video id. :param str video_id: The video id of the YouTube video. :rtype: :class:`YouTube <YouTube>` """ return YouTube(f"{video_id}")